Take your outdoor photography to new heights with these essential landscape photography tips and tricks.
Whether you’re a professional or amateur photographer, there are many good reasons as to why you might feel drawn towards the landscape genre. Getting outside and back to nature is certainly one of them, and many find the calm shooting experience away from the demands of the modern world to be a meditative and creative undertaking.
So whatever your photography skills or your reasons for wanting to get out there and shoot, we’ve compiled a range of useful landscape photography tips to help take your outdoor picture taking to the next level.
1. Camera setup
There is no ‘correct’ shooting mode to be in when taking landscape shots, however, in the landscape genre as you often have more time to consider your setup we recommend putting your camera into the Manual mode and taking complete control. For example, if you’re shooting moving water, a slow shutter speed might be preferable or a narrow depth of field might be key to your shot. If you’re shooting in fast-changing light, switch your ISO setting to Auto ISO so you can still maintain control over your shutter speed and aperture, but your camera’s meter will quickly adjust to the light. Manual focusing using Live View can also be useful if your camera is mounted on a tripod, so once again you are in complete control.
2. Tripod lockdown
Tripod and landscape photography are like chips and ketchup – the two just work so well together! Although you may not necessarily need a tripod all of the time for your landscape shots we recommend that you use one where possible as the act of shooting on a tripod helps you to slow you down. In landscape photography being fast isn’t always necessarily better so take your time, consider your composition, and keep tweaking it until perfect. This is why a tripod is vital… oh and it also comes in handy if you want to shoot using a slow shutter speed!
3. Filters galore
If you want to get serious about landscape photography, then investing in some filters is a must. There are many different types of filters on the market that will help you improve your shots, however, the key three we recommend for landscape photography are a polarizing filter (which helps to reduce glare and makes blue skies richer), ND filter (which helps stop down the light to reduce your shutter speed setting when needed) and ND graduated filter (which darken skies and helps balance the exposure). There are also different filter systems from screw design (check the thread filter size on your lens) to square filters you slot into a holder attached to your lens. Most pros use the holder system as they are generally more versatile and higher quality, however, they can be an expensive investment.
4. The importance of comfort
Comfort is everything and if you’re planning on being out and about a lot investing in some warm waterproof clothing and footwear is a must. Your photography will suffer if you don’t wrap up warm and stay dry – you simply won’t be able to stand the test of time in the field. Equally, if the weather conditions are hot, suncream, water and a good hat are a must!
5. Time for monochrome
There are some landscape shots that work great in colour, whilst others are made for black and white. Grey dull days are perfect for monochrome where textures and patterns in the land can be enhanced. At the editing stage use the colour channels to make the most of the scene. The dodge and burn tool in Photoshop is a great finishing touch to enhance texture and to make isolated adjustments.
6. How to use colour
Whilst monochrome is great for dull days, colour is fantastic for the golden hour, and those rich scenes where the colour is key. The trick with colour is trying to get your camera’s White Balance correct so you can replicate the gorgeous colours you see in front of your eyes. You can either set this in-camera – you may need a custom WB if the colours are tricky to replicate – or alter it at the editing stage if you are shooting in Raw. We always recommend shooting in Raw rather than Jpeg, as the Raw files hold more data, so your images are richer.
7. Go wide
There are many times in the landscape genre where a wide-angle lens will be the right choice. Generally, a wide-angle lens on a full-frame camera will be one classified by a focal length between 15mm to 35mm. You can get wide-angle lenses in fixed or variable focal distances. A wide-angle lens – as it sounds – shows a wide angle of the scene, therefore you need elements in the scene to fill the frame. Look for subject/s of interest in the foreground to fill. Remember subjects in the distance that look closer with your eye will appear further away, so using a point of interest in the foreground is vital to make the image work. You may also encounter distortion problems with a wide-angle lens, but this is worse when shooting a subject with straight lines such as architecture.
8. Zoom lenses
On the other end of the scale, a zoom lens with a mid to long focal length, for example between 70mm to 200mm can also work well for the landscape genre. Misty mornings can be great for long lenses as you can isolate features in the setting. Telephoto lenses also compress the scene so it can be useful to take a step back and shoot from a distance if you want to include layers in your image, and don’t want distant features to become too small as they might with a wide-angle lens.
9. The best conditions
There’s no doubt that a cracking golden hour (the hour that falls either side of sunrise and sunset) can make you feel invincible! When colours are changing in the sky and you’re in the right place at the right time there’s nothing better. To be in with a chance of capturing those conditions study the weather conditions on a regular basis and all year round. You want a mixture of little or no wind, cloud coverage between 30-70%, and prior rainfall can be good (around two to six hours before, but not during). Although it’s not an exact science, it can be useful to remember the rhyme: Red sky in the morning; shepherd’s warning. Red sky at night; shepherd’s delight!
10. Misty mornings
A large body of water, such as a river or a lake, is the perfect setting for fog or mist. Mist and fog occur over water when warm moist air flows over the colder water. Mist and fog are especially good if you can get above the fog. Hills surrounding water helps keep fog trapped for longer, making these types of conditions a landscape photographer’s dream.
11. Exposure bracketing
If you have a great difference between the highlights, mid-tones and shadows in your landscape scene, then you need to use exposure bracketing. It’s a simple technique that’s used by professional photographers to ensure correct exposure, especially in challenging lighting condition. Take the first shot with the meter underexposing by a stop or two, the second in the middle of the light meter, and the third a stop or two over, depending on the circumstances. You can then blend the exposures together at the editing stage. Many cameras have a bracket exposing setting that enables you to fire off multiple exposures. At the editing stage, you can blend your exposures together for the perfect result.
12. Subtle colours
Don’t think that all your landscape shots need to be of vibrant sunrises or luscious greenery. You can be more subtle with your approach to the landscape genre. Pastel colours and flat light can look highly effective if shot using the right approach.
13. Get out whatever the weather
Don’t use bad weather as an excuse… It may not be a pleasant shooting experience taking photographs in the pouring rain (plus you’ll need to protect your kit), however, there are many wonderful landscape images you can produce from grey stormy skies, misty gloom, to dramatic seas at the coast.
14. Add a twist
If you’re looking for a unique twist for your landscape shots next time you’re out on a shoot, take along a mirror! By reflecting and combining two separate scenes together you can explore the art of composition and manipulation without having to use a computer.
15. Find your own angle
We’ve all been guilty of arriving at that iconic location and immediately setting up our composition from an already overshot angle. The problem with replicating a well-known composition is we are not bringing our own unique style to the scene, and the chances are someone has probably captured the scene in better conditions! Next time you arrive at an iconic photographic landscape location explore all angles and try to get something unique.
16. Work on a personal project
Although it can be fun to just go out and shoot a nice landscape scene, you may find it interesting or give yourself direction if you create a project. For example, you could start with a theme, such as erosion, and explore that theme within your landscape photography. Take, for instance, this double exposure image taken on a medium format film camera for a project called The Road. The project uses landscape photography to explore the relationship between nature and man, and the fight against keeping the sea from washing away a vulnerable coastal road that runs along Slapton Sands in Devon.
Source: Digital Camera World. Reproduced for educational purposes.